As the capital and largest city of Armenia, Yerevan is a bustling metropolis that effortlessly marries ancient culture with modern amenities. The Armenian Dram (֏) is the local currency, and the city hosts a population of about 1.1 million residents.
Nestled in the shadow of the majestic Mount Ararat, Yerevan enjoys a climate with hot summers and cold winters. To experience the city at its most temperate and colorful, consider visiting in spring (April-June) or autumn (September to early November).
As the central town square in Yerevan, Republic Square is more than just a meeting place. Designed by the famous Armenian architect Alexander Tamanian in the early 20th century, the square showcases beautiful pink and yellow tuff stone buildings that house several key establishments, including the Government House, History Museum, and National Gallery. When the sun goes down, make sure to watch the musical fountain show, a spectacle of water, light, and music that is sure to enchant.
Officially known as the Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts, the Matenadaran is both a museum and a research center. Housing one of the world’s richest depositories of medieval manuscripts and books, this place is a real treat for history and literature enthusiasts. The manuscripts, written in a plethora of languages, delve into various topics such as philosophy, literature, art, music, and science, reflecting the depth and diversity of the cultural heritage of Armenia.
The Cascade Complex is an incredible multi-level limestone construction, which is an iconic part of Yerevan’s cityscape. Constructed during the Soviet era and completed in 2009, the Cascade features various levels adorned with fountains, flowerbeds, and an array of modernist sculptures from the Cafesjian collection. A climb to the top will reward you with a breathtaking view of the cityscape against the backdrop of Mount Ararat. The complex also houses the Cafesjian Center for the Arts, an art museum with both indoor and outdoor exhibition spaces.
The Tsitsernakaberd Genocide Memorial Complex stands as a somber reminder of the Armenian Genocide perpetrated during World War I. Established in 1967 on the hill of Tsitsernakaberd, the complex consists of an eternal flame housed within a circle of 12 slabs (representing the 12 lost provinces in present-day Turkey), a 44-meter stele symbolizing the national rebirth of Armenians, and a 100-meter wall with the names of the towns and villages where massacres are known to have taken place.
Yerevan Brandy Company
A visit to the Yerevan Brandy Company allows a glimpse into the rich tradition of Armenian brandy production. Since 1887, this company has been producing its signature brandy, loved by many famous figures such as Winston Churchill. A tour around the distillery will give you insights into the process of brandy-making, from distillation to aging, all the while surrounded by the intoxicating aroma of the spirit. The tour ends with a tasting session of the famous Ararat brandy.
Explore Local Markets
Yerevan’s local markets such as the GUM Market or the Vernissage flea market are full of life and color. Here, you can find everything from organic fruits and vegetables to handmade crafts and antiques.
Learn to Cook Armenian Dishes
For food lovers who wish to take home more than just memories, several culinary centers in Yerevan offer cooking classes. Learn to cook traditional Armenian dishes and impress your friends back home.
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